Security researchers are analysing what one vendor has called a "breathtaking" weakness in the browser plug-in for Adobe’s Acrobat Reader program, used to open the popular .pdf file format.
The problem was first highlighted by Stefano Di Paola and Giorgio Fedon, researchers who presented a paper in Berlin last week on security issues related to Web 2.0 technologies such as AJAX.
"The ease in which this weakness can be exploited is breathtaking," Lau wrote. "What this means in a nutshell is that anybody hosting a .pdf, including well-trusted brands and names on the Web, could have their trust abused and become unwilling partners in crime."
Any Web site hosting a .pdf file could be manipulated to run an exploit, Lau wrote. Because an exploit is relatively easy to craft, Lau predicted attacks will start until it is fixed.
In their research paper, Di Paola and Fedon wrote that the type of attack used to exploit the problem is called universal cross-site scripting, which uses a flaw in the browser rather than a vulnerability within a Web site. A cross-site scripting attack involves the unintended execution of code as part of a query string contained within a URL.
Another Symantec blogger, Zulfikar Ramzan, wrote that attackers can exploit a cross-scripting vulnerability by creating a special URL that points to the Web page. In that URL, the attacker would code it to include some of his own content - such as a form soliciting passwords or credit-card information - that would be displayed on the targeted Web page.
When victims click on the URL - which, for example, could be included in a link enclosed in e-mail - they would be directed to the Web page. If they fill out information on a form on the page, it could be passed to the attacker without the victim knowing the site had been tampered with, Ramzan wrote.
"The result is that the user is lulled into a false sense of security since he trusts the site and therefore trusts any transaction he has with it, even though in reality he is transacting with an attacker," Ramzan wrote.
An Adobe spokesman contacted in London on Wednesday afternoon could not immediately comment.