The U.S. Supreme Court should review a U.S. National Security Agency (NSA) data collection program despite the U.S. government's argument that privacy group EPIC lacks legal standing to challenge the case, the group said Monday.
In a response filed with the court on Monday, the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) said that it simply cannot be correct that the order of the U.S. Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, an inferior court, is not reviewable by the Supreme Court.
EPIC filed a motion with the Supreme Court in July, asking it to vacate an order from the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court that requires Verizon to turn over all its phone records to the NSA.
Lawyers for President Barack Obama's administration have argued, however, that EPIC cannot challenge the legality of the collection of phone records because the Patriot Act only allows challenges from the U.S. government or from companies that receive government orders to turn over business records.
The Supreme Court lacks jurisdiction because the NSA order is directed at Verizon and the law doesn't allow EPIC to challenge the order, they argued in a brief filed with the court in October.
However, a judicial order to compel a telephone company to disclose all telephone records of all U.S. customers is an extraordinary circumstance warranting the Supreme Court's review, EPIC said in the brief.
"The telephone records of EPIC and every other American whose calls are routed by Verizon Business Network Services are now routinely collected by the National Security Agency," EPIC said, adding that these telephone records are unique and identifiable, and reveal a great deal of private information about millions of telephone users.
A court should review the collection of vast quantities of irrelevant information, and until now, none of those orders have been subject to appellate review by the foreign surveillance court or the Supreme Court, they said.
Therefore, EPIC asked the Supreme Court to take the case in order to determine if the foreign surveillance court exceeded its authority when it ordered Verizon to disclose records to the NSA.
The U.K. government faces similar legal action over NSA spying brought by other privacy groups. Privacy International for instance has filed legal action with the Investigatory Powers Tribunal against the U.K. government for conducting mass surveillance on citizens across the U.K via the NSA's Prism program and the U.K's own Tempora program that is said to be used to tap fiber optic cables.
In another action, U.K. based privacy groups also started a bid to take the U.K. government to the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) over the Prism and Tempora programs. In October they received enough crowd funding to start the case that is now being considered by the ECHR. The groups should hear in November if the court will take the case, said Open Rights Group Director Jim Killock Tuesday.
Loek is Amsterdam Correspondent and covers online privacy, intellectual property, open-source and online payment issues for the IDG News Service. Follow him on Twitter at @loekessers or email tips and comments to [email protected]