The much-anticipated update for Windows 8 will begin shipping on Oct. 17, delivering a set of changes that Microsoft hopes will calm critics and improve sales of the tablet-optimized OS.
Windows 8.1, previously known as Windows Blue, will be available as a free update for Windows 8 users via the Windows Store that day starting at 4 a.m. U.S. Pacific time. On Oct. 18, it will surface on retail stores and on new devices.
"It's very exciting to be delivering Windows 8.1 to consumers just before Windows 8 celebrates its 1-year anniversary. You can expect to read more from us on Windows 8.1 leading up to availability on October 18th," wrote Microsoft official Brandon LeBlanc in a blog post.
Microsoft did not mention when Windows 8.1 will ship to hardware manufacturers, the so-called RTM date.
Windows 8 shipped in late October of last year and was billed by Microsoft executives as one of the most important product launches in the company's history.
With its radically redesigned user interface optimized for tablets and other touchscreen devices, Windows 8 is Microsoft's attempt to improve the OS' dismal share in the tablet OS market currently dominated by Apple's iPad and Android devices.
But the Modern tile-based interface, modeled after the Windows Phone interface, has met with mixed reviews both among consumers and enterprises.
In fact, one of the main changes in Windows 8.1 is the addition of something very close to the Windows 7 Start button, whose removal in Windows 8 led to an outcry among users.
With Windows 8.1, Microsoft will also attempt to smooth the interaction between the new Modern interface and the more traditional Windows 7-like desktop which lets users run legacy applications. For example, it will be possible for users to boot directly to the traditional desktop interface.
Windows 8.1 will also let users view all the applications installed on their device and sort them by name, date installed, most used or category. Other enhancements include an improved search engine powered by Bing that will return results from a variety of sources, including the Web, applications, local files and the SkyDrive cloud storage service.
Windows 8.1 also adds options for seeing multiple applications on the screen simultaneously, including the ability to resize apps, for improved multitasking. Internet Explorer 11, a new version of Microsoft's browser, will also ship with Windows 8.1, featuring faster page loading and better performance in touchscreen mode, according to the company.
Windows 8.1 users will also be able to make a Skype call and take photos with the Windows 8.1 device while the screen is in Lock mode without having to log in. Users will also be able to select multiple applications at once and do bulk actions on them, like resizing, uninstalling and rearranging them.
"Certainly, this release is critical for Microsoft. But getting people to move to Windows 8 and thinking of the devices as tablets requires apps, and the lack of Office for 'Metro' is still a real problem," said Gartner analyst Michael Silver, referring to the Modern interface by its earlier Metro code name.
According to Silver, IE 11 will be the biggest inhibitor to migration to Windows 8.1 among businesses. "Organizations are having trouble getting past IE8; not as much trouble as they had getting past IE6, but enough to make them think twice about moving beyond Windows 7," Silver said.
Companies will also think twice about switching to Windows 8.1 because of the possibility that another major update with a new version of IE may be released next year, and then the equivalent of Windows 9 coming possibly a year after that, he said.
"Microsoft wants to move to this continuous cycle, but organizations don't trust Microsoft for application compatibility yet and aren't ready to embrace that cadence," Silver said.
Meanwhile, IDC analyst Al Gillen gives credit to Microsoft for a "fast turn around of a refresh of the product -- no question about that."
"[It] appears that Microsoft has addressed a number of the usability issues that made Windows 8 disruptive to Windows 7 users, particularly to business users who tend to jump between the Windows 8 UI and the Windows 7-like environment," Gillen said via email.
Juan Carlos Perez covers enterprise communication/collaboration suites, operating systems, browsers and general technology breaking news for The IDG News Service. Follow Juan on Twitter at @JuanCPerezIDG.