Developers have a vast array of programming languages to choose from. Node.js and PHP are both popular and powerful web development tools, but which one should you choose?
What is Node.js programming language?
Node.js was written by Ryan Dahl in 2009, with the initial release developed to support Linux and Mac OS X. A build was then added to support Windows in 2011.
Pros of Node.js programming language
As Node.js is not the traditional programming language, but rather a runtime environment, it is easy to learn for both front and back-end developers.
Back-end Node.js programmers are likely to benefit from its efficiency, high speed, and high performance, plus code-sharing and the addition of free tools such as monitoring and debugging.
Node.js does not have strict conventions, which provides developers with the freedom to select the best architecture, design patterns, modules and features.
Cons of Node.js programming language
One of Node.js' main disadvantages is its lack of consistency, based on the API changes that regularly occur and that are often incompatible for back-end users.
As the environment is built in a single-threaded format, it minimises the efficient handling of CPU applications like editing graphics, audio and video files. There have also been complaints from developers who say Node.js applications tend to become unresponsive when processing large files.
Lastly, the open source ecosystem of Node.js means several of its tools appear unsupervised.
The modules, therefore, appear immature as they are either noticeably poor quality or have been documented incorrectly.
What is PHP programming language?
PHP is a server-side scripting language for web development, which can also be used as a general-purpose programming language.
The language can be embedded into HTML code, or used in combination with several web template systems, web content management systems, and web frameworks.
It was originally created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994; however, the PHP reference implementation is now produced by The PHP Group.
The average salary for a PHP Developer is £42,500 as of January 2018, according to CW Jobs.
Pros of PHP programming language
As one of the most popular server-side scripting languages available, there are a selection of different built-in functions available on PHP, and a lot of the scripts run on different operating systems such as Windows and Unix-like.
PHP also offers a wide open source community that includes over 70,000 open source libraries to help developers build a dynamic web-based application.
Cons of PHP programming language
PHP needs global extensions, which requires bridges between the C code and PHP to be installed globally. It also requires modifying the global configuration file in order to make it accessible.
Some developers may also suggest that PHP lacks the quality to handle errors, and although it offers free debugging tools there are not many provided compared to other programming languages.