8 free Wi-Fi security tools

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Even if you have an enterprise-level Wi-Fi spectrum analyser, like Wi-Spy or AirMagnet, free Wi-Fi tools can also come in handy. You might use them during the planning or installation stages of your wireless LAN, while troubleshooting, or when performing maintenance. They could even serve as your primarily tools in smaller and less-complex environments.

Here are several free programs you can use to do Wi-Fi stumbling and surveying on all the popular platforms — Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux. You’ll be able see all the nearby wireless access points (APs) and their details, including channels, signal levels, and MAC address.

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8 free Wi-Fi security tools

Even if you have an enterprise-level Wi-Fi spectrum analyser, like Wi-Spy or AirMagnet, free Wi-Fi tools can also come in handy. You might use them during the planning or installation stages of your wireless LAN, while troubleshooting, or when performing maintenance. They could even serve as your primarily tools in smaller and less-complex environments.

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1. NetStumbler

NetStumbler is one of the oldest and most known Wi-Fi stumblers and runs on Windows and Windows CE/Mobile. It lists nearby APs and displays their basic details: SSID, channel, speed, MAC address, vendor, and encryption. Unlike most other stumblers, it also shows the signal, noise, and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) levels. Additionally, it has GPS support to record AP locations when wardriving. Keep in mind, NetStumbler hasn't been updated since 2004. It may not run well on Windows Vista or 7, or even 64-bit Windows XP. Additionally, it doesn't show the real encryption methods of APs. If an AP has encryption enabled it's always marked as WEP, regardless if it's WEP, WPA, or WPA2.

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2. Vistumbler

Vistumbler is a newer open source stumbler first released in 2007 and updated as lately as 2010. It displays the basic AP details, including the exact authentication and encryption methods, and can even speak the SSID and RSSI of APs. Similar to NetStumbler, you can view a list of all APs or drill down to those categorized by authentication, encryption, channel, network type, and SSID. You can also view graphs of the AP signals in addition to viewing text readouts. It's highly customizable and offers flexible configuration options. For example, you can define and save AP names to better distinguish them in the future. In addition to basic GPS support to record AP locations, it supports live tracking within the application using Google Earth.

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3. inSSIDer

inSSIDer is a relatively new open source Wi-Fi stumbler developed by MetaGeek, the maker of the Wi-Spy spectrum analyser. It shows the usual list of AP details, but doesn't show the exact authentication method. You can see the encryption method used but can't distinguish, for example, between WPA-PSK and WPA-Enterprise networks. Like most other stumblers, inSSIDer doesn't include the noise or signal-to-noise (SNR) values; just gives you the RSSI values.However, it features very intuitive graphs. The time graph shows the signal levels (in dB values) of each AP for the past 5 minutes. Then there's a graph for each 2.4GHz and 5GHz channel, showing the current signal levels and channel width usage of each AP.

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4. NetSurveyor

NetSurveyor is a free but closed source Wi-Fi stumbler and basic analyser developed by Nuts About Nets, last updated in 2009. It displays the basic AP details, but doesn't specify the exact authentication or encryption method. It just indicates Yes or No for encryption. Additionally, it doesn't offer any customisation, such as saving AP names. Though NetSurveyor doesn't report noise levels, it does offer more graphs than most other free stumblers, including AP Timecourse, AP Differential, Channel Usage, Channel Timecourse, Channel Heatmap, and Channel Spectrogram.

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5. Kismet

Kismet is a free and open Wi-Fi stumbler, packet sniffer, and intrusion detection system for Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, and BSD. It shows the AP details, including the SSID of 'hidden' networks. Plus it reports the noise levels and gives you the signal-to-noise (SNR) values. It can also capture the raw wireless packets to a PCAP file, so you can import into Wireshark, TCPdump, and other tools. Kismet, however, in Windows only works with CACE AirPcap wireless adapters due to the limitation of Windows drivers. It does, however, support a variety of wireless adapters in Mac OS X and Linux.

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6. Xirrus Wi-Fi Inspector

Xirrus Wi-Fi Inspector is a free but closed source Wi-Fi stumbler and basic analyser. Along with displaying all the usual AP details, it shows a radar view and 8-mintue signal history graph. It also displays the signal and address info for any current connections. Additionally, it offers a simple tool to test connectivity of the main network components, and shortcuts to web-based speed and connection quality tests. Its export feature lets you save a snapshot of the AP details to a CSV file.

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7. Meraki WiFi Stumbler

This is a simple web-based stumbler, freely available on the Meraki website. It runs in most browsers on Macs and PCs, and even works when offline. It displays most of the basic wireless details (with signal levels in percentages) and offers a bar graph of APs per channel. It doesn't allow any customisation and doesn't offer any additional functionality beyond displaying the network basics and letting you perform searches of the data. However, this stumbler is still useful if you want to check wireless signals from a computer that doesn't already have a stumbler installed.

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8. KisMAC

If you're a Mac user, you might consider using the KisMAC stumbler and security tool, similar to Kismet. It also reveals 'hidden' SSIDs. Along with the other basic details, it can show the AP's clients (with MAC Addresses, IP addresses and signal strengths). Plus it reports the noise levels and gives you the signal-to-noise (SNR) values. It also supports GPS and mapping, and PCAP import and export. It even includes tools to attack Wi-Fi networks for penetration testing.

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