1. Word processors: Early DOS word processors
Electric Pencil -- Born: 1976; died: ca 1983, cause of death: neglect EasyWriter -- Born on the Apple II: 1979; ported to DOS: 1981; died of bugs Volkswriter -- Born: 1982, in response to EasyWriter’s bugs; died: ca 1989 Here’s to all of the pioneering commercial word processors, including Homeword, PFS:Write, Bank Street Writer, XyWrite, DisplayWrite, PC-Write, many more. They all flourished then fizzled. All were crushed by the time Office hit the stands. Electric Pencil came first; its history as told in InfoWorld’s May 10, 1982 edition: “The original idea for the first word processor came eventually to Michael Shrayer … [who] had never worked in the computer field.” Shrayer grew bored keeping up with the word-processing Joneses, and Electric Pencil withered away.